Attract Butterflies with These Beautiful Plants
Creating a Butterfly Habitat
Butterflies can be drawn to your garden no matter the size and location. To be the most successful in attracting butterflies to your garden, we recommend that you incorporate four things into your garden landscape:
- 1. Water - An occasional water source for puddling.
- 2. Cover - A large shrub or tree to both provide shade from the heat and as an evening resting area
- 3. Nectar plants - Nectars help butterflies sustain their adult lives. Different plants offer nectar seasonally; some in the spring and others in the summer and fall. To create the optimum butterfly habitat, we recommend incorporating clusters of butterfly-friendly plants that bloom throughout the butterfly season.
- 4. Host plants (aka larval plants) - Host plants can be either annuals or perennials and are best defined as plants where butterflies lay their eggs. Once hatched, the tiny catepillars need leaves and flowers to eat. The right plants will quickly grow new leaves.
- Aptenia Cordifolia (a) aka Heartleaf Iceplant & Baby Sun Rose – Showy flowers bloom purplish-red from spring to fall and enjoy full sun and dry to medium, well-drained sandy loams. Low maintenance
and excellent as a bedding plant, ground cover, in containers, hanging baskets or in rock gardens.
- Brittlebush/Brittlebrush (b) Encelia farinosa– Fragrant, yellow, daisy-like flowers bloom over
woolly evergreen foliage. This perennial desert shrub enjoys full sun and well-drained soil, and flowers late winter and early spring.
Great as an accent or foundation plant or in desert flower gardens.
- Citrus (c) – There are many different types of citrus, including citron, lemon, lime, orange and grapefruit.
The peak season for these evergreen trees to bud and produce fruit is November through January, though some varieties produce year-round.
Interesting fact: once citrus is picked it does not continue to ripen. However, it can remain on the tree without becoming overripe.
- Dill (d) Anethum graveolens – This herb is delicious in receipies for pickles, dips or sprinkled on vegetables.
Enjoys full sun and needs regular watering—weekly, or more often in extreme heat. Yellow flowers bloom in summer. Great as a
border or in containers.
- Grasses – There is a wide variety of ornamental grasses that attract butterflies. The one shown is Fountain Grass Karley Rose (e).
It is highly decorative with rose-purple plumes that form mid-summer. Enjoys full sun to half sun/half shade. Is deer resistant, offers
winter interest and is excellent in containers.
- Hesperaloe Funifera (f) aka New Mexico false yucca – This heat and sun-loving perennial produces
white to yellow blooms in the spring. Is drought tolerant and enjoys full sun to partial sun. Water very sparingly. Excellent as an
accent in beds, borders and in Mediterranean gardens.
- Mallows (g) Malvaceae – Easy to grow herbaceous shrubs that enjoy full sun and flower summer to frost. Needs
regular watering—weekly, or more often in extreme heat. Great in borders, hedges or in the back of perennial garden beds.
- Milkweed Varieties (h) Aslcepias – Showy, colorful flowers that are rich in nectar enjoy
partial to full sun and bloom in summer. Water weekly, or more often in extreme heat, until established. Wonderful in borders, containers,
urban gardens and wildlife gardens.
- Passion Vine (i) Passiflora – Passion vines flowers come in a variety of colors and offer long-lasting fragrant
blooms with an exotic shape. These fast-growing climbers enjoy full sun and bloom late summer and fall. Water regularly, when the top
3 inches of the soil is dry. Excellent in containers, as an espalier, in mass plantings, and as a privacy screen.
- Queen's Wreath (j) Antigonon leptopus – This rapid climber is adorned by sprays of bright pink flowers, enjoys
partial to full sun, and thrives on hot walls. Highly drought tolerant; once established, needs only occassional watering. Blooms late
summer through fall. Excellent in containers, as an espalier, in mass plantings, as a privacy screen, in a Rock Garden, Urban Garden
or Wildlife Garden.
- Rue (k) Ruta graveolens –This low-maintenance, deer and drought tolerant perennial enjoys full
sun, little water and well-drained soil. Showy, dull yellow blooms adorn its aromatic fern-like leaves June to July. Great in borders,
rock gardens and herb gardens.
- Senna (l) – Large, golden-yellow blooms on this evergreen tree enjoy full sun and flower early fall through
early winter. Needs only occassional watering, once established.
- Baja Fairy Duster (a) Calliandra californica – Offers long-lasting, bright red attractive poweder-puff shaped blooms nearly
all year long. Peak bloom season occurs in late spring, this accent shrub enjoys full sun and occassional watering once established;
with weekly watering recommended for the summer. Excellent in borders and containers.
- Chaste Tree (b) Vitex agnus-castus – This beautiful deciduous garden or patio tree blooms in
summer and enjoys full sun. With an attractive multi-trunk tree and clusters of frangrant lilac blooms and aromatic gray-green foliage.
Water weekly, or more often in extreme heat, until established. Excellent as a small accent tree or trained in a shrub border.
- Fern-Leaf Lavender (c) Lavandula canariensis – This quick-growing lavender plant boasts lacy,
bright emerald-green ferny and frond-like foliage. It blooms year-round and enjoys full sun and well-drained soil. Deer resistant and
drount tolerant once established. Excellent in containers.
- Lantana (d) Lantana camara – Pops of vibrant color that enjoy full sun and thrives in heat and
humidity. Blooms spring through summer. Needs only occassional watering once established; more in extreme heat or containers. Fantastic
in borders, containers, hanging baskets and mass plantings.
- Sunflowers (e) Helianthus spp. – There are numerous sunflower varieties. In general, sunflowers are low maintanence
and bloom in summer. Size and height varies. They produce showy yellow blooms and are generally deer and drought tolerant, and enjoy
full sun and well-drained soil. Excellent as accents, in borders or mass plantings.
- Verbena Verbenaceae – There are a number of varieties of verbena that attract butterflies.
Verbena Pulchella (f) Glandularia pulchella – This semi-evergreen perennial has clusters
of stunning purple flowers against flat, dark green needle-like leaves. Enjoys full sun, well-drained soil and moderate amounts of
water. Excellent as a groundcover or in borders.
- Wooly Butterflybush (g) Buddleja marrubiifolia – This perennial shrub has orange blooms with velvety, ash-gray, silver to white foliage. Enjoys full-sun to part shade, dry soil and low amounts of water; is drought-tolerant and performs well in hight heat. Blooms summer through fall. A wonderful addition to a desert garden.